Stages of development
Learn 2 Swim
TEACHING USING THE ASA LEARN TO SWIM FRAMEWORK
The ASA Learn to Swim Framework is part of the ASA Learn to Swim Pathway, the all-inclusive programme which takes the non swimmer from his or her first splash to developing confidence and competence in the water.
Produced by the ASA to assist and support the delivery of swimming lessons, we feel it’s the best way to teach children to swim.
The British Gas ASA Learn to Swim Pathway is a refreshed version of the National Plan for Teaching Swimming (NPTS)
The Framework is already the most successful sports programme of its kind.
The syllabus is currently being implemented in over 1,000 swimming programmes nationwide as well as being adopted overseas.
SWIM A SONG AWARDS
Swim a Song is a fun, innovative programme for introducing babies and young children aged four months to four years to the world of swimming.
Parents or guardians join in as youngsters work their way through 10 action categories based on 32 songs, all adapted from well-known nursery rhymes.
Accompanying the programme are six certificates and badges designed to reward your child as Swim a Song progresses. The grading mirrors the increasing difficulty of the songs and actions. There is the Multi Action Award, the Entry Award, the Exit Award and Stages 1, 2, and 3 awards.
These awards are pre-stage 1 of the ASA Learn to Swim Framework.
Step 1 (0-18months)
By the end of this step your child should be able to:
Enter the water comfortably supported fully by an adult.
Kick or move legs with adult support.
Allow for their face to be wet by adult.
Float with adult support on their front or back.
Place feet on wall with adult support. Adult then supports a push off wall and glide.
Travel in different directions with adult support.
Splash water with their hands.
Reach and grab a toy.
Move from horizontal to vertical position with adult support.
Exit the water safely with adult support.
Step 2 (18-24 months)
By the end of this step your child will be able to:
Enter the water comfortably supported by an adult.
Kick and move legs continuously.
Put face in the water and dip chin and mouth in and out independently.
Travel on front and back for 2m with adult support
Float on front with/without adult support.
Float on back with/ without adult support.
Push and glide off wall with adult support.
Paddle with hands and feel the water.
Reach, grab and throw toys in the water.
Rotate 180 degrees either horizontally and vertically with adult support.
Step 3 (24- 36 months+)
By the end of this stage your child will be able to:
Enter the water safely without adult support but under close supervision.
Kick legs simultaneously and travel 2m with adult support.
Put face in the water and blow bubbles.
Travel on front for 2 m using aids with adult support.
Travel on back for 2m using aids with adult support.
Push and glide from wall without support of parent.
Perform a star float on back with adult support behind the head and return to vertical position.
Use arms and legs to travel 2m in any direction without support.
Reach and catch toys on top of and under surface of water.
Rotate 180 degrees either horizontally or vertically without adult support.
In Stage1 your child should will develop basic movement skills, water confidence and safety awareness. Your child will be able to use aids e.g. arm bands and floats to help complete this stage.
By the end of Stage 1 your child should have reached 13 outcomes. They can complete these outcomes with or without aids, equipment or support:
Enter the water safely
Move forwards for a distance of 5 metres
Move backwards for a distance of 5 metres
Move sideways for distance of 5 metres
Scoop the water and wash face
Be at ease with water showered from overhead
Move into a stretched floating position using aids, equipment or support
Regain an upright position from on the back, with support
Regain an upright position from on the front with support
Push and glide in a horizontal position to or from a wall
Take part in a teacher-led partner orientated game
Demonstrate an understanding of pool rules
Exit the water safely
5M DISTANCE ACHIEVED
During Stage 2 your child will develop safe entries to the water and will continue to practice floating, travel and rotation in the water. Remember they can still use aids e.g. arm bands and floats to help complete this stage.
By the end of Stage 2, your child should have reached 10 outcomes. They can complete outcomes with or without aids, equipment or support:
Jump in from poolside safely
Blow bubbles a minimum of three times rhythmically with nose and mouth submerged
Regain upright position from the back without support
Regain an upright position from the front without support
Push from wall and glide on the back
Push from wall and glide on the front
Travel on the back for 5 metres, aids or equipment may be used
Travel on the front for 5 metres, aids or equipment may be used
Perform a rotation from the front to the back to gain an upright position
Perform a rotation from the back to the front to gain an upright position
5M DISTANCE COMPLETED
During Stage 3, your child works toward being able to swim 10m on their front and back and will be able to swim underwater to collect objects from the bottom of the pool. Rotation skills and water safety knowledge will also be developed.
By the end of Stage 3 your child should have reached nine outcomes:
Jump in from poolside and submerge (min depth 0.9m)
Sink, push away from wall on side and maintain a streamlined position
Push and glide on the front with arms extended and log roll onto the back
Push and glide on the back with arms extended and log roll onto the front
Travel on the front, tuck to rotate around the horizontal axis to return on the back.
Fully submerge to pick up an object
Answer correctly three questions on the Water Safety Code
Travel 10 metres on the back
Travel 10 metres on the front
STAGE 3 COMPLETED
10M DISTANCE COMPLETED
WATER SKILLS AWARD GRADE 2 COMPLETED
WATER SKILLS AWARD GRADE 3 COMPLETED
In Stage 4, your child will focus on refining kicking techniques for all four strokes and develop a better understanding of buoyancy.
By the end of Stage 4, your child should have reached 13 outcomes. They should complete these outcomes without support:
Demonstrate an understanding of buoyancy
Perform a tuck float for 5 seconds
Perform a sequence of changing shapes (minimum of three) whilst floating at the surface
Push and glide from the wall to the pool floor
Kick 10 metres backstroke (one item of equipment optional)
Kick 10 metres front crawl (one item of equipment optional)
Kick 10 metres butterfly on the front or on the back
Kick 10 metres breaststroke on the back (equipment optional)
Kick 10 metres breaststroke on the front (equipment optional)
Perform on the back a head first sculling action for 5 metres in a horizontal position
Travel on back and roll in one continuous movement onto front
Travel on front and roll in one continuous movement onto back
Swim 10 metres, choice of stroke is optional
STAGE 4 COMPLETED
20M DISTANCE COMPLETED
WATER SKILLS AWARD GRADE 4 COMPLETED
In Stage 5, your child will focus on swimming all four strokes. Swimmers will also develop skills in sculling, treading water and complete rotation.
By the end of Stage 5, your child should have reached 12 outcomes. They should complete these outcomes without support:
Perform a horizontal stationary scull on the back
Perform a feet first sculling action for 5 metres whilst horizontal on the back
Perform a sculling sequence with a partner for 30-45 seconds to include a rotation
Tread water for 30 seconds
Perform three different shaped jumps into deep water
Swim 10 metres backstroke (refer to the ASA expected stroke standards sheet)
Swim 10 metres front crawl face in the water (refer to the ASA expected stroke standards sheet)
Swim 10 metres breaststroke (refer to the ASA expected stroke standards sheet)
Swim 10 metres butterfly (refer to the ASA expected stroke standards sheet)
Perform a handstand and hold for a minimum of three seconds
Perform a forward somersault, tucked, in the water
Demonstrate an action for getting help
STAGE 5 COMPLETED
25M DISTANCE COMPLETED
WATER SKILLS AWARD GRADE 4
NATIONAL CURRICULUM WATER SKILLS AWARD COMPLETED
During Stage 6, your child will focus on developing effective swimming skills including co-ordinated breathing, water safety and an understanding of how to prepare for exercise.
By the end of Stage 6, your child should have reached 11 outcomes. They should complete these outcomes without support:
Demonstrate an understanding of preparation for exercise
Sink, push off on side from the wall, glide, kick and rotate into backstroke
Sink, push off on side from the wall, glide, kick and rotate into front crawl
Swim 10 metres wearing clothes
Swim front crawl to include at least six rhythmical breaths
Swim breaststroke to include at least six rhythmical breaths
Swim butterfly to include at least three rhythmical breaths
Swim 25 metres, choice of stroke is optional
Perform a ‘shout and signal’ rescue
Perform a surface dive
Exit the water without using steps
STAGE 6 COMPLETED
50M DISTANCE COMPLETED
100M DISTANCE COMPLETED
PERSONAL SURVIVAL AWARD LEVEL 1 COMPLETED
During Stage 7, your child will develop quality stroke technique whilst swimming up to 100m.
By the end of Stage 7, they should have reached 10 outcomes. Swimmers should complete these outcomes without support:
Swim 25 metres backstroke
Swim 25 metres front crawl
Swim 25 metres breaststroke
Swim 25 metres butterfly
Perform a movement sequence of 1 minute duration, in a group of three or more, incorporating a number of the following skills:
Sculling: head first, feet first,
Rotation: forward/backward somersault, log roll,
Floating: star on the front/on the back, tuck float, create own
Eggbeater: moving, lifting one or both arms out of the water link skills with strokes and sculls
Perform a sitting dive
Swim 50 metres continuously using one stroke
Swim 100 metres, using a minimum of three different strokes
Tread water using eggbeater action for 30 seconds
Complete an obstacle course (using minimum of four objects) with feet off the pool floor throughout
STAGE 7 COMPLETED
200M DISTANCE COMPLETED
PERSONAL SURVIVAL AWARD LEVEL 2 COMPLETED
THE SWIM CHALLENGE AWARD – BRONZE CHALLENGE
AQUATIC SKILLS FRAMEWORK
The ASA Aquatic Skills Framework (Stages 8-10) is the section of the Learn to Swim Pathway that follows on from the ASA Learn to Swim Framework Stages 1-7.
It is targeted at swimmers who have achieved the basic fundamental movement skills which allow them to be competent and confident in the water and are at a stage where they are ready to learn a more advanced range of skills.
The principles behind the ASA Aquatic Skills Framework are:
- To offer an extended National Syllabus for multi-aquatic development
- To offer competent and confident swimmers a choice of pathways to extend their interest and enjoyment in aquatic activities
- To provide expected standards
- To offer an outcome focused programme
The ASA Aquatic Skills Framework offers Stage Awards in:
- Competitive Swimming
- Synchronised Swimming
- Water Polo
- Rookie Lifesaving
Once a swimmer has reached Level 7 it is recommended that they are then encouraged to take part in different aquatic disciplines to develop their fundamental sports skills.
Stage 8 outcomes
By the end of Stage 8 (Competitive Swimming), your child should have reached 10 outcomes relating to turns:
Complete a set lasting 400m (e.g.16 x 25m) on a specific turn around time set by the coach (e.g. 1min for each 25m)
Swim 400m continuously using one stroke
Kick 25m backstroke with/without using a board
Kick 25m breaststroke with/without using a board
Kick 25m butterfly without using a board
Kick 25m front crawl with/without using a board
Perform a backstroke turn from 10m in to 15m out
Perform a breaststroke turn from 10m in to 15m out
Perform a butterfly turn from 10m in to 15m out
Perform a front crawl turn from 10m in to 15m out
STAGE 8 COMPLETED
400M DISTANCE COMPLETED
THE SWIM CHALLENGE AWARD – SILVER CHALLENGE
Stage 9 outcomes
By the end of Stage 9 (Competitive Swimming), your child should have reached 8 outcomes relating to starts:
Complete a set lasting 800m (either 16 x 50m; 8 x 100m; 4 x 200m) on a specific turn around time set by the coach e.g. 1.30min for 50m; 2.45min for 100m; 6.00min for 200m
Swim 800m continuously using one stroke
Swim a continuous 100m Individual Medley using legal turns
Perform a 15m underwater kick on front in a streamlined position
Perform a backstroke start then butterfly kick in a streamlined position underwater until 10m from the start point (wall), transfer into stroke and complete the remainder of the 25m
Perform a front crawl start, underwater kick in a streamlined position until a minimum of 10m from the start point (wall) is completed, transfer into stroke and complete the remainder of the 25m
Perform a butterfly start, kick in a streamlined position until a minimum of 10m from the start point (wall) is completed, transfer into stroke and complete the remainder of the 25m
Perform a breaststroke start, perform a 1½ pull under water, transfer into stroke and complete the remainder of the 25m
STAGE 9 COMPLETED
800M DISTANCE COMPLETED
THE SWIM CHALLENGE AWARD – GOLD CHALLENGE
Stage 10 outcomes
By the end of Stage 10 (Competitive Swimming), your child should have reached 7 outcomes relating to relay takeovers:
Complete a set lasting 1600m (either 16 x 100m; 8 x 200m; 4 x 400m) on a specific timed turn around set by the coach (e.g. 2.30min for 100m; 5.30min for 200m; 12min for 400m)
Swim 1500m continuously using one stroke
Perform a continuous 100m Individual Medley kick without using a kick board
Swim a continuous 200m Individual Medley using legal turns
Perform a 15m under water butterfly kick on back or front in a streamlined position
Perform a front crawl relay take over: – as an incoming swimmer
Perform a front crawl relay take over: – as an outgoing swimmer
STAGE 10 COMPLETED
1500M DISTANCE COMPLETED
THE SWIM CHALLENGE AWARD – HONOURS CHALLENGE
Levels of Development
Development Level 1
Step 1 – Tadpole 1 (Blue)
Step 2 – Tadpole 2 (Red)
Step 3 – Tadpole 3 (Black
Development Level 2
Stage 1 – Crab 1
Stage 2 – Crab 2
Stage 3 – Octopus
Stage 4 – Fish 1 (Pink)
Stage 5 – Fish 2 (Orange)
Stage 6 – Shark 1 (Blue)
Stage 7 – Shark 2 (Red)
Development Level 2
Stage 8 – Dolphin 1 (White)
Stage 9 – Dolphin 2 (Black)
Stage 10 – Dolphin 3 (Green)
Are goggles allowed in lessons?
The decision to allow swimming goggles during lessons is down to the individual teacher, so speak to yours. You will be informed of the reasons to not wear goggles and children encouraged to take lessons without them.
Some teachers say that goggles can help to reduce or prevent eye irritation. However, if pool water is maintained in a good condition it shouldn’t be necessary for children to wear goggles at all.
Swimming is a vital skill for children to learn for health and enjoyment reasons, and also because it could one day save their life.
While swimming goggles may make a child feel comfortable in the pool while they are learning to swim, if they accidentally end up in water it is unlikely they will be wearing them. It’s vital children
are comfortable swimming with or without goggles so they don’t panic in an unexpected situation.
What is likely to happen in lessons?
All children should be having fun. They should be involved in games-based activities to help them learn core swimming skills such as breathing, submerging and moving in the water.
The swimming strokes should be introduced gradually once the child has acquired the basic skills. Most lessons last around 30 minutes and children should be as active as possible throughout the lesson.
When children are learning to swim, should the teacher be in the pool?
Where the group is small and the children are young then it may be appropriate for the teacher to be in the water with them.
Will my son learn faster in a one-to-one class? Will it be less fun?
There is the possibility that your child will achieve more in one-to-one lessons because there are fewer distractions from others in the class and because they are the focus.
The ASA recommends group lessons because children benefit from personal development by learning new skills and socially interacting in a group.
Should I complain about my child’s swimming lessons if I am not happy with my child’s progress?
Yes, we are providing a service that you are paying for. Be constructive in your comments and try to pinpoint what you are unhappy with.
Once you have identified the issues ask to speak to the swimming co-ordinator and discuss possible solutions.
My child’s making little progress. What can I do?
Swimming lessons that are built around the ASA Learn to Swim Framework are designed to be progressive. There are clear stages in the framework and each stage can be passed by reaching set outcomes.
Some children become stuck on a particular skill and cannot fully complete the stage. When this happens teachers will have an idea of how to move things on.
Speak to your child’s teacher to see if there is anything you can do in family swimming time that will help. Should you still have queries contact us to discuss further.
There are plenty of additional awards that support the stage badges so please ask your swimming co ordinator about these and make sure your child is rewarded for their efforts.
Swimmers should not really spend more than 12 months at any one stage. We do offer support through summer holiday crash courses, 1-2-1’s and outcome-focused tutorials to help swimmers progress.
How long will it take a swimmer to pass each stage?
This will vary with every swimmer depending on their skills and experience.
If a swimmer has the experience of preschool or adult and child sessions then he/she may move faster initially through Stages 1 and 2 because they will be familiar with the environment and should be more confident in the water.
What happens if by the end of aprogramme aswimmer has not achieved all the outcomes in the stage they have been working on?
The child must complete all outcomes in order to receive the Stage Award.
If a child continues to struggle in completing all outcomes over a considerable amount of time, it may be beneficial for him/her to move up to the next group. However, information regarding the outcomes that he/she has not achieved must also be passed onto the next Teacher and be re-assessed before achieving the next Award.
Where does achild with adisability fit into the ASA learn to swim pathway?
The Foundation Framework has a special Additional Needs phase which provides progressive steps for those participants who require additional help prior to entering Stage 1 of the Learn to Swim Framework.
The swimmer, if able, can then progress into Stages 1-7.
It must be recognised that some children may never be able to achieve all stages and so it is important that appropriate stopping routes are identified for these swimmers.
What is LTAD and how does it link to the learn to swim framework?
LTAD stands for Long Term Athlete Development and identifies a framework for aquatic development. Within LTAD there are five stages which can be used to describe growth and development. The first of these is Fundamentals.
The Learn to Swim Framework is underpinned by LTAD and all outcomes are derived from progressive skills which form part of the LTAD.
The LTAD aquatic headings are: Entry, Exit, Buoyancy & Balance, Rotation & Orientation, Streamlining, Aquatic Breathing, Travel Coordination, with the additional elements of Water Safety and Health & Fitness.
The Framework Stages 1-7 develop the Fundamental Movement Skills, Stages 8-10 develop the FUNdamental Sports Skills.
During Stages 1-10 an athlete/swimmer will develop a wide-based structure of skills which will give him/her the basics to progress through specific pathways related to individual disciplines or a number of disciplines and then into clubs to refine those skills.
The swimmer may choose not to enter a structured club situation, but will still have the skills to enable them to pursue a healthy lifestyle
TERMS & CONDITIONS
Course fees for private (1:1 or 1:2) or group lessons may vary from venue to venue and are subject to change at 1st Health discretion. For specific details please contact us on the numbers provided. All fees must be paid in advance or of the start of a course date (please refer to invoice). Swimmers will not be allowed to participate in any swimming lessons until the fees are paid in full. Fees may be paid in accordance with the terms as discussed with 1st Health Swim School. Any bank charges we receive for returned payments will be charged at a rate of £20.00
Group and private lessons may be cancelled by giving no less than 24 hours (1 working day) notice to 1st Health Notice of a cancellation of any lesson within 24 hours of a lesson with result in the full lesson fee being due or deducted from any credit balance as appropriate. For lessons scheduled on a Sunday and Monday cancellation would be required by 5pm on Friday
Medical Conditions and Individual Needs
1st Health cannot accept responsibility for the medical conditions or other needs of any other swimmer unless a full disclosure of the details has been made to 1st Health by the swimmer or the parent or guardian of a swimmer when first registering the swimmer for lessons, or following any medical condition being confirmed during a course of lessons after the swimmer has been accepted for tuition
1st Health will not accept liability for the loss or damage to any personal effects brought to any session and you are therefore requested to ensure that no valuable items are brought to the swimming lessons
Swimmers, parents, guardians, siblings or all other associates, must observe the venues entry rules and respect all other venue rules whilst in the venue. Facility staff shall retain the right to refuse admission. It is imperative that swimmers are on poolside no less than 5 minutes before the commencement of each lesson and (in the case of child swimmers) should be collected from poolside no more than 5 minutes after the lesson has ended. No child will be released until they are collected by an appointed responsible adult. The responsible adult must remain in the venue premises for the duration of the lesson. No refund or “catch up lesson” will be offered by 1st Health where a child fails to attend or is refused permission to attend any sessions unless prior agreement has been reached with 1st Health.
1st Health although cannot guarantee the teachers for the following term they will try their best to keep some consistency. All of our teachers are ASA or STA qualified teachers
In the event of a swimmer, parent, guardian, sibling or other associate refusing to obey an instruction from a member of staff, behaving in an unruly manner towards a member of staff or any other person, or causing damage to the pool premises or any of the furniture fixtures or equipment in those premises, the swimmer shall not be permitted to continue with the lessons. 1st Health shall then have the right to terminate the contract without further notice and without being required to offer any credit or refund to the swimmer and the swimmer shall not be accepted for any future course organised by 1st Health
Condition of Pool Premises
Whilst 1st Health will make all reasonable efforts to ensure that the condition of the pool premises, including the changing rooms, washing facilities, the pool and poolside area are in a suitable condition, we do not accept liability for any injury to a swimmer which may be caused by a defect and further advise that any claim arising from such a defect must be addressed to the proprietors of the pool premises.
Transmissions of Infections
Any swimmer know to be or found to be suffering from any infectious ailment condition will not be allowed to participate in the lesson and it is the responsibility of each swimmer or (in the case of a child swimmer) the parent of guardian of the swimmer to ensure that the swimmer is fit and well enough to participate. 1st Health will not accept liability for any infection passed to a swimmer by another swimmer on the course or in the pool.
Rules and Regulations
- Swimmers must shower before entering the pool
- Swimmers should wear bathing cap, for reason of hygiene and safety in health clubs where it is mandatory to do so
- No swimmer should enter the pool area without a member of 1st Health staff being already present
- There must be no food or drink in any of the pool facilities. Swimmers, siblings, parents and guardians are expected to observe the clubs no smoking policy
- No outdoors shoes are to be worn on poolside – if you wish to speak to our swimming teacher then please either remove shoes and socks or put on shoe covers provided, before you go onto poolside. This clause is in accordance with the clubs own health and safety policy which allows for no exceptions
- There must be no recording, filming or photographic equipment including mobile phones with camera facilities used in the club. This is in accordance with club and child protection rules. Please refer to STA Child Protection Guidelines available upon request
- 1st Health and the pool owners cannot accept any responsibility for any incident that was the sole responsibility of the swimming teacher in charge of the class or lesson in which the incident occurred. Full liability, in such cases, is with the teacher delivering the lesson
- Swimming hats will be provided by 1st Health Ltd on start of a new stage, only 1 hat will be provided per stage. If the provided hat is lost or damaged all replacement hats will need to be purchased.
- By agreeing to a course with 1st Health you agree to the Terms and Conditions laid out above